Marc shares some of the events that happened on this day in history, including the births of T.S. Eliot and George Gershwin, and Frances Drake’s circumnavigation the globe.
On this day
1580 – Frances Drake completes circumnavigation the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind. Drakes expedition around the globe was the first since Ferdinand Magellan voyage (1519 – 1522). Drake was a sea captain, slaver and privateer. His voyage around the world was a joint venture financed by wealthy members of the British aristocracy, the greatest benefactor being Queen Elizabeth I herself. Drake was ordered by the Queen to interfere and capture treasure fleets on his voyage. Drake departed from Plymouth with 5 ships in his fleet in 1577. The flotilla made land on the Cape Verde Islands and continued on west, following a route similar to Magellan. South America, The Pacific Northwest, on to Indonesia and then Africa where he made landfall in Sierra Leon the 22nd July 1580. The Golden Hind was the only ship of the fleet to survive the trip. Drakes voyage was a success as he returned with a fortune in gold, silver, precious stones, pearls and spices. The Queen received half of the treasure and used the money to pay off all English foreign debt. Sir Frances Drake was knighted the next year.
1772 – New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine. Medical Society of New Jersey, the first medical society in the nation, lobbied the government to regulate the right to practice medicine The bill was amended in 1783, granting the state supreme court the authority to license physicians.
1789 – Thomas Jefferson appointed the 1st US Sec of State; john Jay becomes 1st US Chief Justice
1815 – Russia, Prussia & Austria sign Holy Alliance after the Napoleonic Wars. The alliance was created at the behest of Tsar Alexander I and was established to stifle secularism and republicanism; and to reinforce the divine right of kings.
1872 – The 1st Shiners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City
1887 – Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
1901 – Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the Governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana); bringing an end to the Anglo-Ashanti Wars 1824 – 1901.
1914 – The United States Federal Trade Commission was founded on this day after President Woodrow Wilson signed he Federal Trade Commission Act into law on this day on the 26th September 1914. The FTC was created to protect consumers against anti competitive business practices and to eliminte coercive monopolies.
1918 – The Meuse-Argonne offensive began on this day. Also known as the Hundred Day Offensive or the Battle of Argonne, this offensive was the largest operation and greatest victory of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI. The AEF had the support of the French 4th and 5th army and were fighting to capture and break the railway network supplying the German army in France and Flanders; and to force the Germans to withdraw from occupied territories. The offensive was ultimately successful but the AEF suffered very high casualties with 26,077 reported killed and 95,786 reported wounded.
1919 – US President Woodrow Wilson hit by a heart attack
1925 – Elbert Frank Coz became the first African American to earn a Ph.D in mathematics
1938 – Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudente Land
1940 – Japanese troops attack French Indo-china
1950 – Indonesia becomes a member of the United Nations
1960 – 1st of 4 TV debates between Nixon & Kennedy too place in Chicago
1968 – Martha Minerva Franklin, hall of fame nurse and founder of theNational Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, died. Martha Minerva founded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. The NACGN was founded to promote the standards and welfare of black nurses and to break down racial discrimination in the process. The association fought for the integration of black RNs into schools, jobs and the American Nurses association. The group successfully lobbied for the integration of the Cadet Nurse Corps during WWII and by 1949 boasted 947 members. After the war the ANA took over the NACGN to see “its program be expanded for the complete integration of Negro nurses”.
1968 – The Studio Museum in Harlem opened in a rented loft at Fifth Avenue and 125th Street in New York City. The first museum in the United States devoted to the art of African Americans and people of African descent. The museum houses a permanent collection of 1,600 works from artists including: Richard Hunt, Betye Saar and an extensive archive of the work of photographer James VanDerZee.
1984 – The United Kingdom agrees to hand over Hong Kong
2005 – International weapons inspectors announced the Irish Republican Army’s full disarmament
2008 – Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes the first person to fly a jet engine powered wing across the English Channel
1795 – Alexander Lucius Twilight, educator minister, politician and the first Black person known to have earned a bachelors degree from an American college, was born in Corinth, Vermont.
1862 – Arthur B. Davies, American painter, printmaker and tapestry designer
1888 – T.S. Eliot, American-born poet, playwright, critic and editor, born in St.Louis Missouri.
1899 – William Levi Dawson, professor, choir director and composer was born in Anniston, Alabama
1893 – Freda Kirchwey, American editor and publisher of “The Nation”, born on this day in Lake Placid, New York.
1902 – Albert Anastasia, American Gangster, was born Umberto Anastasio in Calabria, Italy. one of the founders of Murder, Inc. and was an enforcer for the Gambino crime family.
1968 – Anthony Shadid, New York Times foreign correspondent and two time Pulitzer Prize winner was born on this day in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
1976 – Michael Ballack, German footballer, was born on this day in Gorlitz, East Germany
1981 – Serena Jeameka Williams, top ranked professional tennis player was born on this day in Saginaw, Michigan.
This Day in Music: Born on this day
1898 – George Gershwin, American composer and pianist, born on this day in Brooklyn New York. Known for works composed with his brother Ira Gershwin.
1926 – Julie London, Jazz, pop vocalist. born Gayle Peck on this day in 1926, Santa Rosa, California,
1945 –Bryan Ferry, English singer-songwriter and musician was born on this day in 1945, Washington Tyne and Wear, England. Pop rock, Synthpop, Experimental Rock.
1948 – Olivia Newton John born in Cambridge, England; raised in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
1962 – Tracy Thorn (Everything But The Girl), singer-songwriter, bron on this day in Hertforshire, England
1972 – Shawn Stockman, Boys II Men, Philadelphia, PA
On this day in music
1927 – Bessie Smith, Blues and Jazz vocalist dies in Clarksdale Mississippi. Signed to Columbia recorsd in 1923, Smith found instant success as a recording artist. She is regarded as the greatest singer of her era and one of the most influential jazz artists ever.
1953 – The Ames Brothers “You You You” hits No.1 on the US singles charts
1954 – “Blueberry Hill” by Fats Domino enters the charts on this day
1957 – Musical. “West Side Story”, debuts on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre.
1964 – Roy Orbison’s, “Pretty Woman” hits No.1 on the US singles Charts.
1975 – Vickie Sue Robinson records disco hit “Turn The Beat Around”
2003 – Robert Palmer ,singer-songwriter, instrumentalist and record producer,died on this day in Paris France.
2012 – Lupe Fiasco releases “Food & Liquor II: The Great American Rap Album Pt.1”