Marc talks about what happened on this day in history, including the day Christopher Columbus arrived in Honduras, the day Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, and the day Booker T. Washington delivered the “Atlanta Compromise” at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta.
National Day, Chile, celebrating the date of the first Government Junta after the Chilean independence on 2/12/1818
Day of National Music, Azerbijan
Island Language Day, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan
On this day
1502 – Christopher Columbus arrives at Honduras on his fourth and final, voyage
1793 – The first cornerstone of the capitol building is laid by George Washington
1809 – The Royal Opera House in London opens
1850 – The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 is passed through Congress, United States
1851- First publication of the New York Times
1895 – Booker T. Washington delivers the “Atlanta Compromise” at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, GA. He was introduced to the crowd as “a representative of Negro enterprise and Negro civilization.” In his speech Washington addressed questions regarding social and economic integration in the south. He referenced the idea of racial equality as folly and argued that economic freedom and labor would benefit Blacks in the south more so than civil rights. He also appealed to the southern Whites in the crowd to remember the loyalty, submission and faithfulness of the Black labor force. Washington even went as far as assuring that Blacks would lay down their lives, if need be to protect the ruling Whites. On integration Washington said Blacks and Whites can “be as separate as fingers, yet are as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.”
01911 – Russian Premier Peter Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House
1914 – Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, delayed until after WWI. It continued to be suspended for different occurrences and developments and never took effect. It was surpassed by the Home Rule Act of 1920, which established a British North and an Irish Republic in the south.
1922 – Hungary admitted to the League of Nations
1934 – The USSR is admitted to the League of Nations
1939 – The Nazi propaganda broadcaster known as Lord Haw-Haw begins transmitting
1944 – Jews of Minsk killed at Sobibor. The first transports of Jews from Minsk and Lida leave for Sobibarconcentration camp. 13,7000 Jews from the occupied USSR were brought to the camp from the ghettos.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo
1947 – The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the US armed forces
1962 – Jamaica, Burundi, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations
1982 – Christian militia kill six hundred Palestinians in Lebanon
1988 – Thousands of monks and civilians are killed by the Tatmadaw in Myanmar, following the end of pro-democracy uprisings
1997 – Ted Turner donates USD 1 billion to the United Nations
1999 – After a 20-month illegal lockout of t 2,900 Steelworkers at Kaiser aluminum plants in three states; the company is ordered to fire scabs and pay millions of dollars in back pay to Union members
2014 – Scottish independence referendum
1869 – English embryologist and pioneer in naval camouflage.
1905 – Greta Garbo, born in Stockholm, Sweden.
1910 – Raymond Geiger, American editor of the Farmer’s almanac.
1951 – Benjamin Solomon Carson Sr. American author and neurosurgeon was born in Detroit, Michigan.
1940 – Franki Avalon, born on this day in Philadelphia, PA
1952 – Dee Dee Ramone, of the Ramones was born Douglas Glenn Colvin on this day in Fort Lee, Virginia.
1962 – Joanne Catherall of the Human League was born in Sheffield, England.
1970 – Jimi Hendrix is found dead of an overdose in his basement.
1997 – Jump blues Singer Jimmy Witherspoon dies of throat cancer in Los Angeles, California at 77.
On this day
1956 – Rock show are banned at the US Naval Station in Newport, RI after a fight breaks out duing a Fats Domino concert.
1957 – The Criket’s “That’ll Be The Day”, No.1 on the billboard popcharts
1961 – Bobby Vee’s “Take Good Care of My Baby” is No. 1 on the US pop charts.
1962 – Dee Dee Sharp records hit single “Ride!”
1964 – The James bond movie Goldfinger Premiers., with Shirley Bassey singing theme song
1968 – Jeannie C. Riley’s Harrper Valley PTA is number 1 on the Billboard pop charts
Sources: The People History; This Day in Labor History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Selected Black Facts; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music