October 27: This Day in History

DPADraftboardOctober 27, 2014 – Segment 1

Marc shares some of the events that happened on this day in history, including the founding of Philadelphia, the day Catholic priest Phillip Berrigan and others of the Baltimore Four protested the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records at the Custom House in Baltimore, and the opening of the first underground New York subway.


Today is,

Independence Day, celebrating the independence of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from the United  Kingdom in 1979

Independence Day celebrating the independence of Turkmenistan from USSR in 1991

Navy Day, united States

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage, International

On this day

312 –  Constantine the Great receives his Vision of the Cross. On this date the 57th emporer of Rome  has a vision on the eve of the Battle of Milvian Bridge.  The vision instructed him to fight in the name of Christ, with his soldier earing the symbol of Christ on their shields.

1275 –  Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam

1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is  founded,

1787 – The first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, was published in a New York newspaper.

1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, establish the boundries between the United States and Spanish colonies. the treaty also guaranteed the United States navigation rights on the Mississippi river.

1806 – The French Army enters Berlin following the Battle of Jena

1838 – Missouri governor Liburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.   Boggs’s action was based on information brought to him that day by two citizens of Richmond, Missouri, concerning the Mormon-Missourian conflicts in northwest Missouri and on reports of the Battle of Crooked River, in which armed Mormons had clashed with a company of state militia on October 25. http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Extermination_Order

1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in the United states and one of the biggest in the world

1924 – Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union

1947 – ”You Bet Your Life,” starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC radio

1948 – Leopold Sedar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc.

1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.  http://www.greatblackheroes.com/government/benjamin-o-davis-jr/

1961 – NASA tests the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.

1961 –  Mauritania and Mongolia join the United Nations

1962 – Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down in Cuba, by a Soviet supplied surface to air missile.

1962 – A plane carrying Enrico Mattei, post-war Italian administrator, crashes in mysterious circumstances


1964 –  Ronald Reagan delivers his famous  speech “A Time for Choosing”.  The speech was in support of presidential candidate, Barry Goldwater and launched Reagans political career.


1967 – Catholic priest Phillip Berrigan and others of the Baltimore Four protest the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records at the Custom House.

1971 – The Democratic Republic of Congo is renamed Zaire.

1978 –  Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin won the Nobel Peace Prize.

1986 – The Big Bang: the British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country.

1988 – Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structures.

1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler Jr., is brutally murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey, beginning a national debate about gays in the military that resulted in the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy.  Schindler was beaten to death in a public restroom in Sasebo, Japan by two of his shipmates, Terry Helvey and Charles Vins.  He was beaten beyond recognition, and his family was only able to identify him through tattoos on his forearms.  Both of his lungs and brain had hemorrhaged.

1995 – Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.

1999 – Gunmen open fire in the Amrenian Parliament killing Prime minister Vazgen Sargsyan and eight others, whilst a further 30 people are injured during the attack.  The assailants claimed to be carrying out a coup d’état.

2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of tww French teenagers of Malian and Tunisian descent.  Their deaths sparked nearly three weeks of rioting in 274 small towns throughout the Paris region, France and beyond.  The rioters, mostly teenagers from destitute suburban hosing projects caused over 200 million euros in damage as they torched nearly 9,000 cars and dozens of buildings, daycare centers and schools.  Nearly 2,900 rioters:126 police and firefighters were injured.  One fatality –  a bystander who died after being struck by a hooded youth. ssrc.org.


1728 – James Cook, British Naval Captian

1782 – Niccolo Paganini, Italian violinist and composer

1811 – Isaac Singer, American businessman founded the Singer Corporation, developed Singer sewing machine

1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, American colonel and politician, American colonel and politician, 26th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate. Roosevelt was leader o the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive Party insurgency of 1912. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Roosevelt

1865 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter

1872 – Emily Post, American author, founded the Emily Post Institute. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/1003.html

1914 –  Dylan Marlais Thomas,Welsh writer

1917 – Oliver Tambo, teacher, lawyer and  South African president of the African National Congress (1969 -91) http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/oliver-reginald-tambo

1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist

1924 – Ruby Dee, actress, playwright, poet and activist was born Ruby Ann Wallace in Cleveland, Ohio.

1933 – Elijah Jerry “Pumpsie” Green, the first Black baseball player to play for the Boston Red Sox, was born in Boley, Oklahoma.


939 – Aethelstan, first king of England

1327 – Elizabeth de Burgh, Scottish wife of Robert I of Scotland

1449 – Ulugh Beg, Persian astronomer, mathematician and sultan.

1917 –  Arthur Rhys-Davids, English lieutenant and pilot

1956  – Charles Spurgeon Johnson, the first Black president of Fisk University, died.

1987 – John Oliver Killens, novelist and educator, died.

2003 – Walter Edward Washington, the first home-rule Mayor of Washington, D.C., died.

2008 – Es’kia Mphahlele, author, educator and activist died.

2009 –  Roy Rudolph DeCarava, photographer died. .  DeCarava was born  on the 9th December 1919, in Harlem, New York.

Sources: The People History; This Day in Labor History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in African History;History.com;History Orb; Yenoba; Selected Black Facts; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music