October 1: This Day in History

thrillaOctober 1, 2014 – Segment 1

Marc shares some of the events that happened on this day in history, including the 1964 launch of the Free Speech Movement on the campus of University of California, Berkeley, the 1975 “Thrilla in Manila,” when Muhammad Ali defeated Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines, and the birth of John Brown Russwurm, abolitionist, Pan-Africanist and newspaper editor. 


On this day,

1795 – Belgium is conquered by France

1800 – Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso

1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans

1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London

1880 – First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison

1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress

1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825

1910 – The Los Angeles Times building in Los Angeles, CA by brothers and iron union members John J. and James B. McNamara. 21 people perished and 100 more were injured in the resulting fire.

1928 – The Soviet union introduces its First Five-year plan.  The plan was centered around rapid industrialization and initiated the collectivization of agriculture.  Stalin is quoted as saying “We are 100 years behind the advanced countries.  We must make good this lag in ten years.  Either we do it, or they crush us!”

1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens

1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain

1939 – Nazi forces enter the city of Warsaw after a month long siege

1946- Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom

1949 – The Peoples Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.

1957 – First appearance o In God We trust on U.S paper currency.

1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley

1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time

1971 – The first CT or CAT scan is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.

1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines

1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama

1982 – Sony launches the fist consumer compact disc player

1985 – The Israeli Air Force bombs Palestine Liberation Organizations Headquarters in Tunis

1989 – Denmark introduces the world’s first legal modern same-sex civil union called “registered partnership”

1993 – Polly Klaas, 12, was abducted from her Petaluma, California home and was mrdered.  Her murder inspired California three strikes law.


1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

1799 – John Brown Russwurm, abolitionist, Pan-Africanist and newspaper editor was born, enslaved in Port Antonio Jamaica.  Co-founded and co-editor of Freedoms’ Journal an abolitionist newspaper and the first newspaper owned and operated by African Americans.

1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, born on this day in  Annefield in Clarke County, Virginia  She was an American educator; third cousin and wife of Gen. Robert E. Lee.

1893 – Yip Man, Chinese martial artist

1910 – Bonnie Parker, legendary bank robber, born on this day in Rowena, Texas

1912 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician.

1939 – Robert Carruthers, hall of fame physicist and inventor was born on this day in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1945 – Rodney Cline “Rod” Carew, hall of fame baseball player, was born in Gatun, Panama Canal Zone.


1864 – Rose O’Neal Greenhow, American Spy

1919 – Princess Charlotte of Prussia (b. 1860)

1972 – Louise Leaky, English, archaeologist and paleontologist (b.1903)

1985 – E.B.White, American journalist and author, (b.1899)

2000 – Reginald Kray, English Gangster (b. 1933)

2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b.1947)


Sources: The People HistoryThis Day in Labor HistoryWikipedia List of Historical AnniversariesThis Day in Women’s HistoryThis Day in African History;History.comHistory OrbYenobaSelected Black FactsPhil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music