Marc shares some of the events that happened on this day in history, including the 1964 launch of the Free Speech Movement on the campus of University of California, Berkeley, the 1975 “Thrilla in Manila,” when Muhammad Ali defeated Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines, and the birth of John Brown Russwurm, abolitionist, Pan-Africanist and newspaper editor.
On this day,
1795 – Belgium is conquered by France
1800 – Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso
1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans
1843 – The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London
1880 – First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison
1890 – Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress
1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825
1910 – The Los Angeles Times building in Los Angeles, CA by brothers and iron union members John J. and James B. McNamara. 21 people perished and 100 more were injured in the resulting fire.
1928 – The Soviet union introduces its First Five-year plan. The plan was centered around rapid industrialization and initiated the collectivization of agriculture. Stalin is quoted as saying “We are 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this lag in ten years. Either we do it, or they crush us!”
1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens
1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain
1939 – Nazi forces enter the city of Warsaw after a month long siege
1946- Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom
1949 – The Peoples Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.
1957 – First appearance o In God We trust on U.S paper currency.
1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley
1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time
1971 – The first CT or CAT scan is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines
1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama
1982 – Sony launches the fist consumer compact disc player
1985 – The Israeli Air Force bombs Palestine Liberation Organizations Headquarters in Tunis
1989 – Denmark introduces the world’s first legal modern same-sex civil union called “registered partnership”
1993 – Polly Klaas, 12, was abducted from her Petaluma, California home and was mrdered. Her murder inspired California three strikes law.
1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
1799 – John Brown Russwurm, abolitionist, Pan-Africanist and newspaper editor was born, enslaved in Port Antonio Jamaica. Co-founded and co-editor of Freedoms’ Journal an abolitionist newspaper and the first newspaper owned and operated by African Americans.
1808 – Mary Anna Custis Lee, born on this day in Annefield in Clarke County, Virginia She was an American educator; third cousin and wife of Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1893 – Yip Man, Chinese martial artist
1910 – Bonnie Parker, legendary bank robber, born on this day in Rowena, Texas
1912 – Kathleen Ollerenshaw, English mathematician, astronomer, and politician.
1939 – Robert Carruthers, hall of fame physicist and inventor was born on this day in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1945 – Rodney Cline “Rod” Carew, hall of fame baseball player, was born in Gatun, Panama Canal Zone.
1864 – Rose O’Neal Greenhow, American Spy
1919 – Princess Charlotte of Prussia (b. 1860)
1972 – Louise Leaky, English, archaeologist and paleontologist (b.1903)
1985 – E.B.White, American journalist and author, (b.1899)
2000 – Reginald Kray, English Gangster (b. 1933)
2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b.1947)
Sources: The People History; This Day in Labor History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Selected Black Facts; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music