November 11: This Day In History

Daisy Lee Gatson BatesNovember 11, 2014 – Segment 1

Tuesday is Veterans Day, and we honor all the men and women who have served or are currently serving in our country’s Armed Forces.

Marc talks about what happened on this day in history, including the Cherry Valley massacre of 1778, the birthday of journalist and civil rights leader Daisy Lee Gatson Bates, and the day Nat Turner died.


Today is,

–Independence Day, Angola, celebrates the independence of Angola from Portugal in 1975

–Independence Day, commemorates the anniversary of Poland’s assumption of independent statehood in 1918

–Independence Day, commemorates the anniversary of Poland’s assumption of independent statehood in 1918.

–Remembrance Day (United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia and Canada0

–Veterans Day, called Armistice Day until 1954, when the holiday was rededicated to be in honor of American Military, naval, and Air Force Veterans, United States.

–Pepero Day, South Korea

On This Day,

1100 – Henry I of England marries Matilda of Scotland daughter of Malcolm III ofScotland

1620 – Forty One Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts, signed a pact calling for “Civil Body Politic”.  This Body Politic,  held the signers bound to the passing of “just and equal laws…for the general good of Colony.” The Compact was signed by the majority of adult male colonists and two indentured servants.

1634 – Following Pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton , the Irish House of Commons passes An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.  Seven years later, bishop Atherton himself was the second man hanged under the Act, bless him.

1778 – Cherry Valley massacre: Loyalist and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in Cooperstown, New York, during the American War of Independence.  The attack left 40 patriots and an additional 70 prisoners dead.

1831 – Nat Turner is executed on this day in Virginia; he is hanged and then skinned

1869 – The 24th Infantry Regiment (the deuce four), an all-Black United States military unit, was organized. In 1898, the unit was deployed to Cuba as part of the U. S. Expeditionary Force in the Spanish-American War. In 1899, they were deployed to the Philippine Islands to help suppress a guerilla movement in the Philippine-American War. In 1916, they guarded the U. S. – Mexican border to keep the Mexican Revolution from spilling on to U. S. soil. On August 23, 1917, approximately 150 soldiers from the unit marched on Houston, Texas to protest racial discrimination in the city. They were met by local policemen and armed residents. In the ensuing riot, 4 soldiers and 15 civilians were killed. The soldiers were tried at court-martial and 14 were executed and 41 were given life sentences. (

1869 – The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act, in enacted in Australia giving thegovernment control o indigenous people’s wages, terms of employment, where thy could ieand their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.  The act gave theAboriginies Protection Board the power to make laws for ‘the care, custody and education of the children of Aborigines’. One of the regulations made under the Act allowed for ‘the removal of any Aboriginal child neglected by its parents or left unprotected’. They were removed to a mission, an industrial or reform school, or a station.

1890 – Daniel McCree of Chicago, Illinois was awarded patent number 440,332 for the portable fire escape.  McCree’s fire escape was designed for the interior of homes and could be attached to the windowsill and lowered to the ground, allowing people within to escape from second and third story levels during a fire. Not much else is known of McCree’s life (

1921 – Warren G. Harding dedicates the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.

1926  – The US implements a numbered highway system.

1938 – Irving Berlin’s Gold Bless America was first performed., by radio entertainer Kate Smith, who sang the song during her regular radio broadcast.

1938 – “Typhoid Mary” — Mary Mallou — died after more than twenty years in detention in New York as a typhoid carrier.

1965 -Rhodesian Prime Minister, Ian Smith, issues a Unilateral Declaration of Independence. The declaration was deemed illegal by Britain, the Commonwealth and the United Nations; and economic santions (the first in the history of the United Nations) were imposed on the colony. The War of Independence from 1972-1979  was fought between black nationalists and the minority white government.  Nearly 30,000 people died during the struggle.        ttp://

1969 – George Robert Carruthers was awarded patent number 3,478,216, for his Image Converter for Detecting Electromagnetic Radiation.  His machine was flown to the moon on the 1972 Apollo 16 mission to obtain images of earth and outer space.(

1973 – Egypt and Israel sign a cease-fire agreement sponsored by the United States.

1981 – Antigua and Barbuda join the United Nations

1992 – The Church of England voted to ordain women as priests.

2004 – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat died in Paris at the age of 75.


1821 – Fydor Dostoyevsky was born in Moscow, Best known for his works, Crime and Punishment, and The Idiot.

1850 – George Washington Henderson, the first black person inducted into Phi Beta Kappa, was bon enslaved in Clark County, Vermont.

1904 – Alger Hiss, American lawyer and spy (d. 1996)

1914 – Daisey Lee Gatson Bates, journalist and civil rights leader, was born on this day inHuttig, Arkansas.

1922 – Kurt Vonnegut, American soldier, author and academic (d. 2007)

1940 – Barbra Boxer, American journalist and politician

1945 – Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician, President of Nicaragua                                                   


1831 –  Nat Turner, American lave and rebel leader (b.1800)

1880 – Lucretia Mott, American Activist (b.1793)

1887 – Haymarket affair defendants: George Engel, German-American businessman and activist. Adolph Fischer, German-American printer and activist (b. 1858)

1938 – Typhoid Mary, Irish-American carrier of typhoid fever (b.1869)a

1987 – Channing E Phillips, minister, social activist and the first African American place in nomination for the President of the United States died.

Sources: The People History; This Day in Labor History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in African History;; History Orb; Yenoba; Selected Black Facts; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music