We start the show with a look at the day in history. We honor Samhain and All Saints Day, and remember Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempting to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House, the African Free School opens in New York City, and 50,000 women in 60 cities participating in the inaugural Women Strike for Peace (WSP) against nuclear proliferation.
World Vegan Day (International)
1800 – US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
1835 – Nation’s first general strike for 10-hour day; Philadelphia
1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
1887 – Thirty-seven black striking Louisiana sugar workers are murdered when Louisiana militia, aided by bands of “prominent citizens,” shoot unarmed workers trying to get a dollar-per-day wage. Two strike leaders are lynched
1910 – First issue of the NAACP monthly magazine “Crisis” is published by WED DuBois
1911 – Italy performs first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya. It is the first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat.
1918 – Malbone tunnel disaster in New York City; inexperienced scab motorman crashes five-car train during strike, 97 killed, 255 injured
1919 – Some 400,000 soft coal miners strike for higher wages and shorter hours.
1937 – Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community.
1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing.
1939 – The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
1942 – First issue of Negro Digest published
1945 – First issue of Ebony published.
1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
1950 – Pope Pius XII claims papal infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
1951 – First issue of Jet published.
1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
1956 – Springhill Mining Disaster, Springhill, Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia kills 39 miners; 88 are rescued.
1959 – In Rwanda, Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa is beaten up by Tutsi forces, leading to a period of violence known as the wind of destruction.
1959 – Patrice Lumumba, Congolese nationalist, is arrested following two nights of unrest.
1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
1961 – 50,000 women in 60 cities participate in the inaugural Women Strike for Peace (WSP) against nuclear proliferation.
1963 – The 1963 South Vietnamese coup begins
1968 – The Iota Phi Theta fraternity, originally founded at Morgan State University in 1963, was incorporated.
1979 – The UAW begins what was to become a successful 172-day strike against International Harvester. The union turned back company demands for weakened work rules, mandatory overtime
1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
2000 – Serbia joins the United Nations.
1871 – Stephen Crane, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 1900)
1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-American theoretician (d. 2003)
1942 – Larry Flynt, American publisher, founded Larry Flynt Publications
1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress (d. 2013)
1944 – Kinky Friedman, American singer-songwriter and author
1957 – Lyle Lovett, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
1961 – Calvin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Beat Happening, The Halo Benders, Dub Narcotic Sound System, The Microphones, Cool Rays, and The Go Team)
1978 – Jessica Valenti, American blogger
1907 – Alfred Jarry, French author and playwright (b. 1873)
1972 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, American wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 36th First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
2004 – Mac Dre, American rapper and producer (b. 1970)
2006 – William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
Sources: The People History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in Jewish History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music