March 5: Day In History

attucksMarch 5, 2014 – Segment 1

Marc shares some of the events that happened on this day in history, including the Boston Massacre, when five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.



Today is:

Custom Chief’s Day (Vanuatu)

Learn from Lei Feng Day (China)

National Tree Planting Day (Iran)

St Piran’s Day (Cornwall)

On this day in history:

1770: Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, and a boy, are killed by

British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary

War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later. At a subsequent trial

the soldiers are defended by future U.S. president John Adams.

1854: Mary Elizabeth Garrett born

1933: Great Depression: To help stop the run on US banks U.S. President Franklin D.

Roosevelt announced a four-day “bank holiday”. All U.S. banks would close effective March 6 to

help stop Americans from withdrawing their money in panic which in turn caused more banks to


1933: Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections. This later allows the

Nazis to pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship.

1940: Members of Soviet politburo, including general secretary Joseph Stalin, sign an order for

the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the

Katyn massacre.

1946: Winston Churchill coins the phrase “Iron Curtain” in his speech at Westminster College,

Missouri. Winston Churchill delivers one of the first speeches condemning what he thought was

a soviet Union bent on the expansion of communism in Europe and around the world, during the

speech he coined the phrase “The Iron Curtain” which was then used by many future politicians.

1956: The US Supreme Court upholds a ban on racial segregation in state schools, colleges

and universities, When the University of North Carolina appeals against an earlier ruling which

ordered college officials to admit three black students to what was previously an all-white


1960: Cuban photographer Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Marxist revolutionary

Ernesto “Che” Guevara.

1970: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.

1983: Michael Jackson started a seven week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Billie

Jean’, his fourth solo US No.1, also No.1 in the UK. And on this day Jacksons album ‘Thriller’

went to No.1 for the first time on the UK album chart, it went on to become the biggest selling

album of all time with sales over 50 million.

1985: The Mary McLeod Bethune commemorative stamp is issued by the U.S. Postal Service

as the eighth stamp in its Black Heritage USA series.

Born on this day in history:

1920: Leontine T.C. Kelly, the first African-American woman to become a bishop within the

Methodist denomination.

1933: Tommy Tucker, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1982)

1939: Playwright Charles Fuller was born in Philadelphia March 5, 1939. Fuller co-founded the

Afro-American Arts Theatre in Philadelphia, his hometown, in 1967. The Perfect Party (1969)

was the first of Fuller’s plays to receive critical acclaim. Zooman and the Sign won an Obie

Award in 1980. A Soldier’s Play, about a murder on a Louisiana military base, won the 1982

Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It was adapted into a film, A Soldier’s Story, in 1984.

1948: Born on this day, Eddy Grant, singer with The Equals who had the 1968 UK No.1

single ‘Baby Come Back’, and as a solo artist scored the 1982 UK No.1 single ‘I Don’t Wanna


1954: Marsha Warfield, American actress

1956: Born on this day, Teena Marie, US singer who had the 1980 UK No. 6 single ‘Behind The


1958: Andy Gibb, English-Australian singer (d. 1988)

On this day in history, we lost:

1770: On this day, Crispus Attucks, an escaped slave became the first man killed in the cause

of America’s freedom. This event is better known as the ‘Boston Massacre’.

1945: Lena Baker, was an African American maid who was executed for murder by the state

of Georgia in 1945 for killing her employer, Ernest Knight, in 1944. At her trial she said that he

had imprisoned and threatened to shoot her should she try to leave. She took his gun and shot

him. Baker was the only woman to be executed by electrocution in Georgia. In 2005 Baker was

granted a full and unconditional pardon by the state of Georgia, 60 years after her execution.

The movie The Lena Baker Story (2008) is about her life.

1953: Joseph Stalin, the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union and the supreme chief of the

Communist Party died.

1967: Mohammad Mosaddegh, Iranian politician, 60th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1882)

1982: Actor and singer John Belushi died from an overdose of cocaine and heroin. Belushi was

one of the original cast members on US TV’s Saturday Night Live, played Joliet ‘Jake’ Blues in

The Blues Brothers and also appeared in the film Animal House. His tombstone reads “I may be

gone, but rock n roll lives on.”

2013: Hugo Chavez, the controversial president of Venezuela, died at the age of fifty-eight after

battling cancer.

That was this day in history, March 5th.

To see our full list of this day in history, including lots of important things we didn’t have

the time to mention, visit Throughout the show today, we will be

bringing you more of what happened this day in history.