Marc shares some of what happened on this day in history, including the Big Bottom Massacre that began the Northwest Indian War, the day William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator abolitionist newspaper, and the start of the Open Door Policy, promoting trade with China.
1791 – Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
1831 – William Lloyd Garrison ~ begins publishing The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper
1860 – The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France.
1900 – American Statesman and diplomat John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
1905 – Conference of 23 industrial unionists in Chicago leads to formation of IWW, the Industrial Workers of the World, also known as Wobblies
1911 – A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill.
1920 – The second Palmer Raid takes place with another 6,000 suspected communists and anarchists arrested and held without trial. These raids take place in several U.S. cities.
1927 – Angered by the anti-clerical provisions of the Mexican Constitution of
1917, Catholic rebels in Mexico rebelled against the government.
1942 – The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) convicts 33 members of a German spy ring headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne in the largest espionage case in United States history—the Duquesne Spy Ring.
1945 – World War II: Nuremberg, Germany (in German, Nürnberg) is severely bombed by Allied forces.
1949 – Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
1955 – Panamanian president José Antonio Remón Cantera is assassinated.
1959 – Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the Soviet Union.
1963 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
1967 – Ronald Reagan sworn in as Governor of California
1974 – United States President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
1975 – Bangladeshi Marxist leader Siraj Sikder is arrested and dies while in police custody.
2006 – An explosion in a coal mine in Sago, West Virginia traps and kills 12 miners, while leaving one miner in critical condition.
1909 – Barry Goldwater, American army officer and politician (d. 1998)
1915 – John Hope Franklin, historian
1918 – Willi Graf, German activist (d. 1943) He was a member of the White Rose (Weiße Rose) resistance group in Nazi Germany.
1920 – Isaac Asimov, American chemist and author (d. 1992)
1940 – Jim Bakker, American minister, evangelist, and television host
1956 – Lynda Barry, American cartoonist and author
1961 – Todd Haynes, American director
1968 – Cuba Gooding, Jr., American actor
1971 – Taye Diggs, American actor, singer, and producer 1986 – Trombone Shorty, American trumpet player
Sources: The People History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in Jewish History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music