Marc discuss some of what happen in this day in history, including the day the thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, banning slavery. It is also the anniversary of the first edition of the Washington Post and the death of Roy Orbison.
1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, banning slavery.
1869 – African-American delegates meet in Washington, D.C., to form the Colored National Labor Union as a branch of the all-white National Labor Union created three years earlier. Unlike the NLU, the CNLU welcomed members of all races. Isaac Myers was the CNLU’s founding president; Frederick Douglas became president in 1872
1875 – Forty-fourth Congress (1875-77) convened with historic high of eight Blacks. One U.S. senator, Blanche K. Bruce, Mississippi. Seven Black congressmen: Jeremiah Haralson, Alabama; Josiah T. Walls, Florida; John R. Lynch, Mississippi; John A. Hyman, North Carolina; Charles E. Nash, Louisiana; Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Smalls, South Carolina.
1877 – The first edition of the Washington Post is published.
1884 – The Washington Monument in Washington D.C. is completed.
1904 – Theodore Roosevelt announced his “Corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine stating that the United States would intervene in the Western Hemisphere should Latin American governments prove incapable or unstable.
1907 – A coal mine explosion at Monongah, West Virginia kills 362 workers.
1917 – Finland declares independence from Russia.
1917 – Halifax Explosion: In Canada, a munitions explosion kills more than 1,900 people and destroys part of the City of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1921 – The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed in London by British and Irish representatives.
1922 – One year to the day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Irish Free State comes into existence.
1928 – The government of Colombia sends military forces to suppress a month-long strike by United Fruit Company workers, resulting in an unknown number of deaths.
1933 – U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that James Joyce’s novel Ulysses is not obscene.
1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada declare war on Finland in support of the Soviet Union during the Continuation War.
1953 – Vladimir Nabokov completes his controversial novel Lolita.
1956 – A violent water polo match between Hungary and the USSR takes place during the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, against the backdrop of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution.
1960 – In Tucson, 500 store owners, Ariz sign pledges of nondiscrimination
1967 – Adrian Kantrowitz performed the first human heart transplant in the United States.
1969 – Meredith Hunter is killed by the Hells Angels during a The Rolling Stones’s concert at the Altamont Speedway in California.
1971 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with India following New Delhi’s recognition of Bangladesh.
1975 – The Troubles: Fleeing from the police, a Provisional IRA unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London, beginning a six-day siege.
1977 – South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana, although it is not recognized by any other country.
1982 – The Troubles: The Irish National Liberation Army bombed a pub frequented by British soldiers in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland. It killed eleven soldiers and six civilians.1988 – The Australian Capital Territory is granted self-government.
1989 – The École Polytechnique massacre (or Montreal Massacre): Marc Lépine, an anti-feminist gunman, murders 14 young women at the École Polytechnique in Montreal.1991 – In Croatia, forces of the Yugoslav People’s Army bombard Dubrovnik after laying siege to the city since May.
1992 – The Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India is demolished, leading to widespread riots causing the death of over 1500 people.
1997 – Lee Brown became Houston’s first black mayor narrowly defeating businessman Rob Mosbacher.
1997 – United Mine Workers begin what is to become a 110-day national coal strike
2006 – NASA reveals photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.
2008 – The 2008 Greek riots break out upon the killing of a 15-year-old boy, Alexandros Grigoropoulos, by a police officer.
1896 – Ira Gershwin, American songwriter (d. 1983)
1920 – Dave Brubeck, American pianist and composer (Dave Brubeck Quartet) (d. 2012)
1955 – Steven Wright, American comedian and actor
1956 – Peter Buck, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (R.E.M., Hindu Love Gods, The Minus 5, Tuatara, Tired Pony, and The Baseball Project)
1967 – Judd Apatow, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1971 – Ryan White, American AIDS victim (d. 1990)1972 – Heather Mizeur, American politician
1882 – Anthony Trollope, English author (b. 1815)
1889 – Jefferson Davis, American politician, President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1808)
1949 – Lead Belly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1888)
1961 – Frantz Fanon, Martinique-French psychiatrist and author (b. 1925)
1988 – Roy Orbison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Traveling Wilburys) (b. 1936)
Sources: The People History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in Jewish History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music