December 1: This Day In History

Madame TussaudsDecember 1, 2014 – Segment 1

Marc discusses what happened on this day in history, including the day slavery was abolished in the Cape Colony, the day Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, and the day French sculptor Marie Tussaud was born.

Today is,

–World AIDS Day, International. World AIDS day is  the first ever global health day,  “it is an opportunity fr people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV show their su0pport for people living with HIV and to commemorate people who have died.”  The theme for World AIDS Day 20104 is “Focus, Partner, Achieve: An AIDS-free Generation.”

–Freedom and Democracy Day, Chad – holiday commemorating the ousting of Hissène Habré by Idriss Déby in 1990.

–National Day, Burma

–Republic Day, Central African Republic

On this day,

800 – Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III

1768 – The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.

1805 –  To renegotiate the flint River Treaty of November 3, 1804, the United States invites 6 CREEK Chiefs to Washington to meet with Secretary of War Henry Dearborn. They agree to pay the CREEKs $206,000 for their two million acres instead of $200,000. But, the payments will be made over ten years, instead of in cash. The CREEK also agree to allowing a road through their lands.

1834 – Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833

1862 – During his State of the Union Address, President Abraham Lincoln reiterates the urgency of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.

1864 – Great Fire of Brisbane, AU.  The fire destroyed fifty houses, a number of businesses including tow banks and three hotels in the space of two and a half hours.

1855 – Dr. Pepper is served for the first time, at a drug store in Waco, Texas.

1865 – Shaw University, the first historically black university is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.

1874 – Turner Byrd, Jr. of Williamsville, Michigan received patent number 157,370 for an improvement in railcar uncoupling.  His invention allowed for uncoupling of cars without the need for an individual to go in between.

1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and Latin America, begins operation.

1913 –  Ford Motor Co. introduces the first moving assembly line.

1913 – The first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh.

1918 – Transylvania unites with the Kingdom of Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia and Bukovina.

1934 – Sergei  M. Kirov, the head of the Communist Party in Leningrad was assassinated as Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a massive purge that would claim tens of millions of lives.

1941 – The Civil Air Patrol is created on this day, one week before the Japanese attack on pearl harbor, by more than 150,000 citizens concerned about the defense of American’ coastline.  Fiorello La Guarida, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, singed the adminstratie order creating the CAP, on this day in 1941.

1952 – The New York Daily News reports of the first notable case of sexual reassignment surgery.

1955  – In Montgomery, Alabama seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws. The incident leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

1958 – The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.

1958 – 92 children and three nun dies after a fire breaks out in the basement of catholic elementary school Our Lady of the Angels, Chicago, Ill.

1963 – Wendell Oliver Scott became the first, and to this day the only, Black driver to win a race in what is now known as the Sprint Cup Series.

1964 – Malawi, Malta and Zambia join the United Nations.

1966 – Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1969 – The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.

1976 – Angola joins the United Nations.

1986 – The medical practitioner and political activist, Dr Fabian Defu Ribeiro  and his wife, Florence Barbara Ribeiro, were finally gunned down in their own courtyard on this day in 1986.

1988 – Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.

1991 – Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence rom the Soviet Union

1993 – President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Bill into law.

1999 – UNESCO lists Robben Island as a World Heritage Site.

2004 – Tom Brokaw signed off for the last time as anchor of the “NBC Nightly News”


1761 – Marie Tussaud, French sculptor, founded Madame Tussauds Wax Museum (d.1850)

1813 – Ann Preston, American physician and educator (d.1872)

11/30/1874 – Winston Churchill, English colonel, journalist and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Noble Prize laureate (d.1965)

11/30/1874 – Lucy Maud  Montgomery, Canadian author best known for series of novels beginning with Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908.  Montgomery’s complete body of work contains 20 novels, 530 short stories, 500 poems and 30 essays.  Most of her novels were set on Prince Edward Island n Canada.  She was OBE in 1935.

1882 – Alexander Sommerville, businessman and politician, was born in Jamaica. (d.1973)

1925 – James R. Ford, the first Black Mayor of Tallahassee, Florida

1937 – Eugene B. Redmond poet, playwright ad educator, was born in St. Louis, Missouri.

1940 – Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor, III, comedian, writer and actor was born in Peoria, Illinois.

1949 – Kurt Lidell Schmoke, the first elected African Amrican Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland was born in Baltimore.


1135 – Henry I of England (b.1068)

1463 – Mary of Guelders, Queen consort of Scotland as wife of James II (b. circa 1434)

1729 – Giacomo F. Maraldi French-Italian astronomer and mathematician (b.1665)

1750 – Johann Gabriel Dappelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b.1671)

1755 – Maurice Greene, English organist and composer (b.1696)

1825 – Alexander I of Russia (b.1777)

1973 – David Ben-Gurion, Polish-Israeli politician, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (b.1886)

1975 – Anna Roosevelt Halsted, American daughter of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b.1906)

1987 – James Baldwin, American author, poet, and critic (b.1924)

1989 – Alvin Ailey, Jr., hall of fame choreographer and activist, died (b.1931)

1991 – George Stigler, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b.1911)