October 22, 2013 – Segment 1
Marc shares some of what happened on this day in history, including the October 22nd Coalition to Stop Police Brutality, Repression and the Criminalization of a Generation that has been mobilizing every year since 1996 for a National Day of Protest, the birthdays of songwriter James A. Bland and author Dorris Lessing, and the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.
The October 22nd Coalition to Stop Police Brutality, Repression and the Criminalization of a Generation has been mobilizing every year since 1996 for a National Day of Protest on October 22nd, bringing together those under the gun and those not under the gun as a powerful voice to expose the epidemic of police brutality.
1811 in the Hapsburg Kingdom of Hungary, Franz Liszt would go on to make a name for himself not only as an important composer in the Romantic era, but also as one of the greatest pianists who ever lived.
1854 – James A. Bland, writer of over 600 songs including “Carry Me Back to Old Virginny,” Virginia’s state song as of 1940, was born in Flushing, NY, on this date
1919: Doris Lessing born (writer) a British novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer and short story writer. Her novels include The Grass is Singing (1950), the sequence of five novels collectively called Children of Violence (1952–69), The Golden Notebook (1962), The Good Terrorist (1985), and five novels collectively known as Canopus in Argos: Archives (1979–1983). Awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Literature. In doing so the Swedish Academy described her as “that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny”. Lessing was the eleventh woman and the oldest person to ever receive the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1936 – Bobby Seale, co-founder of the Black Panther Party, was born in Dallas, TX, on this date
1952, the actor Jeff Goldblum, who will become known for his roles in such movies as The Big Chill, The Fly and Jurassic Park, is born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1784: Richard Butler, Arthue Lee, and Oliver Walcott, representing the United States, and 12 IROQUOIS Indians sign a treaty today ceding much of their lands in New York, Pennsylvania, and west of the Ohio River, and reestablishing peace after the Revolutionary War. The treaty signed at Fort Stanwix, near modern Rome, New York, will be repudiated by most of the IROQUOIS.
1906 – 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Phila
1914 : Congress pass the Revenue Act mandating the first tax on incomes over $3,000. .
1927 : The findings of a special grand jury in to the floggings carried out by members of the Ku Klux Klan in Cremshaw County Alabama ended with 102 indictments against men involved with the 20 lashings in that county. A public statement was also made that corruption by political figures in the area should also now go to Jury.
1928 – Pres Hoover speaks of “American system of rugged individualism”
1950 – Charles Cooper (Boston Celtics) and Nat “Sweetwater” Clifton (New York Knicks) played their first NBA game on this date
1957 – U.S. military personnel suffer their first casualties in the war when 13 Americans are wounded in three terrorist bombings of Military Assistance Advisory Group and U.S. Information Service installations in Saigon.
1962 : In a speech to the American people John F Kennedy told the audience that American Spy Planes had discovered Soviet Missile bases in Cuba, and that these missile bases when complete would be able to launch missiles capable of striking a number of US cities, he told the people that America could not allow these missile bases to be finished and would pursue any action necessary including military action to protect the nation. He informed the American people that the first stage was to place a naval quarantine on the waters around Cuba.
1963 – Two hundred twenty five thousand students boycotted Chicago, IL, schools to protest de facto segregation on this date in 1963. This day was referred to as “Freedom Day.”Two hundred twenty five thousand students boycotted Chicago, IL, schools to protest de facto segregation on this date in 1963. This day was referred to as “Freedom Day.”
1964, Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for literature, which he declines.
1966, The Supremes became the first female group to have a No.1 album on the US chart whith ‘The Supremes a Go Go’, knocking The Beatles ‘Revolver’, from the top of the charts.
1967: Thousands of youthful antiwar demonstrators stormed the Pentagon today but were hurled back by armed soldiers and club swinging US Marshalls
1972 – In Saigon, Henry Kissinger meets with South Vietnamese President Thieu to secure his approval of a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out at the secret peace talks with the North Vietnamese in Paris. The proposal presumed a postwar role for the Viet Cong and Thieu rejected the proposed accord point for point and accused the United States of conspiring with China and the Soviet Union
1975 – Air Force Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, is given a “general” discharge by the air force after publicly declaring his homosexuality. Matlovich, who appeared in his air force uniform on the cover of Time magazine above the headline “I AM A HOMOSEXUAL,” was challenging the ban against homosexuals in the U.S. military.
1990 – President George Bush vetoed an important civil rights bill, on this date in 1990. The bill would have reversed six Supreme Court decisions that weakened Affirmative Action policies and anti-discrimination laws.
2002 : The Washington Sniper claims his last victim Conrad Johnson a bus driver in Aspen Hill, Md., in the 13th and final attack. The two men involved were arrested 2 days later on October 24
2012: Cyclist Lance Armstrong is stripped of his seven Tour de France titles
Sources: The People History; Wikipedia List of Historical Anniversaries; This Day in Women’s History; This Day in Jewish History; This Day in African History;History.com; History Orb; Yenoba; Phil Konstantin’s North American Indian History; and This Day in Music